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Word Sense in context

July 17, 2011 Comments off

Depending on other words in the same sentence
Consider the word “took”
“Joe took his medicine.”
“took” may mean “swallowed”
“Joe took his medicine with him.”
“took” may mean “brought”
“Joe took his medicine like a man.”
“took his medicine” may mean “endured ”
“Joe took his medicine and hid it.”
“took” may simply mean “moved”
Depending on other words in other sentences
Consider the word “took” again in this paragraph:
“Joe was wrong and he knew it.  Finally, it was time.  Joe took his medicine.”

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World View, Meaning and Understanding

July 17, 2011 Comments off

Let us begin with some basic definitions.

An individual or collective World View is an operating model composed of concepts, instances, and relationships, along with how they are known to (may possibly) inter-relate. These inter-relations may be constrained in time, space, identity, quantity, negation, and possession.

When we read we experience the Natural Language text. The relationship between what we experience and our “World View” is the meaning we ascribe to what we read. Meaning is often a complex relationship between what we experience and our World View.
Understanding is gained as a result of determining the meaning of our experiences in terms of our World View.

From these definitions we can create a form of Machine Understanding by:

  1. creating and populating a persistent model of one or more World Views,
  2. establishing a model to represent the relationships between what is experienced (read) and the World View,
  3. providing the ability to render Natural Language sources to a common form for processing,
  4. providing the ability to map rendered Natural Language to a World View and store that mapping as meaning
Categories: Definitions, Technology

SIRA

July 17, 2011 Comments off

We refer to the implementation of our patented and patent-pending core reading, understanding, and writing technologies together as the SIRA Technology (or just “SIRA”).

SIRA stands for “Semantic Insights Research Assistant”.

I pronounce it “sigh”-“rah”.  Others on the team say “sear”-“rah”.

Categories: Definitions, Technology

Ontology in the SIRA Technology

July 17, 2011 Comments off

We built our system around the notion that language (for that matter; drawings, songs, smells, or any other encoding of perceived semantics) provides a systematic (although often complex) way to express relationships between and among items. These items may range from the physical to the abstract. The relationships may express time, location, participation, or a wide variety of physical or conceptual relatedness.

When you “teach” SIRA about your interests, SIRA constructs (or adds to) a semantic model (i.e. ontology) representing the concepts and relationships of interest. If these concepts are already known, they may be referenced and perhaps enhanced. If the relationships are already known, they too may be referenced and perhaps enhanced. How this happens will be covered in other blog entries.

A previously existing ontology (perhaps with a supplied upper ontology) may provide a “useful” organization of concepts and relationships. This organization is useful to SIRA in two ways. First, while reading, the specializations and instances of a concept or relationship of interest are automatically recognized. And second, while reporting, the written information can be organized with abstract concepts first, followed by successively more detailed concepts. This is in addition to SIRA’s other report organization schemes.

We should also state that “well designed upper ontologies” can provide an excellent foundation for reasoning that exploits generalization-specialization and part-whole relationships. The topic of reasoning in SIRA will be covered in other blog entries.

About Semantic Insights

December 30, 2010 Comments off

Semantic Insights is the R&D division of Trigent Software, Inc.

We focus on developing semantics-based information products and plug-ins for third party products that produce high-value results serving the needs of general users requiring little or no training.

Visit us at www.semanticinsights.com